On July 1, 1867, the Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario)
united with Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to become the Dominion of Canada.
Under the Post Office Act of 1867 all the postal affairs of
the new Dominion were placed under the jurisdiction of the Post Office
Department at Ottawa. Seven new stamps (½¢, 1¢, 2¢, 3¢, 5¢, 6¢, 12½¢, 15¢) were
ordered, printed, and delivered throughout the Dominion for use on the official
day of issue, April 1, 1868. A colour change on the 1¢ value appeared in 1869
and a 5¢ value was released in 1875.
Despite its basically short life, the Large Queen Issue has
proved to be very popular with advanced specialists. Various papers,
perforations, shades, watermarks, and plate varieties offer the general and
specialist collector much areas to study.
While the ornamentation surrounding the vignette differs in
each value, the basic design is similar and is based on a vignette "Victoria's
Head Facing Right", engraved by Charles Henry Jeens (1827-1879). The Large Cents
Issue, while beautiful, proved unpopular with the public due partially to its
Except for the 15¢ value which continued in use until after
1900 and the 5¢ value which was released hurriedly in 1875 to meet demands for a
stamp of that denomination for mail to Great Britain, the Large Cents Issue was
only in use from 1868 until some time shortly after 1870. The Small Cents series
was produced and placed in use as stocks of the Large Cents values were